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Chile
Foto: David Álvarez Veloso

National MPI: 20.9%
Launch date of national MPI: January 2015
Institution responsible for national MPI: Ministry of Social Development
Dimensions of national MPI: education, health, labor and social security, housing and local environment, and networks and social cohesion

Joined MPPN: 2013

In January 2015, the government of Chile announced its new national Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI), along with its new income poverty measure. The objective behind complementing income measurement with a multidimensional methodology is to be able to have a more complete national socio-economic characterization of households and their members that helps improve and target social policy.  A year and a half later, this index was modified to add local environment to the Housing dimension and a fifth innovative dimension: networks and social cohesion.

Social Development Report. New methodology of poverty measurement in Chile (2015).

Voluntary National Review (2017): In Chile, the national MPI identifies 20.9% of the population as poor. Chile’s MPI is disaggregated by subnational regions, rural-urban, gender, age cohort, indigenous status. And policy reflects not just the level but also the composition of poverty in terms of education, health, work, housing and environment, and social networks. In Chile’s consultations preparing for the VNR, they found that one of the most relevant challenges was Poverty in all its dimensions – monetary, and multidimensional. Full Report Here

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