National MPI: 20.4% (in 2015)
Launch date of national MPI: January 2015
Institution responsible for national MPI: Ministry of Social Development
Dimensions of national MPI: education, health, labor and social security, housing and local environment, and networks and social cohesion
Joined MPPN: 2013
In January 2015, the government of Chile announced its new national Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI), along with its new income poverty measure. The objective behind complementing income measurement with a multidimensional methodology is to be able to have a more complete national socio-economic characterization of households and their members that helps improve and target social policy. A year and a half later, this index was modified to add local environment to the Housing dimension and a fifth innovative dimension: networks and social cohesion.
Social Development Report. New methodology of poverty measurement in Chile (2015).
Chile launched an official Multidimensional Poverty Index in 2015. A year and a half later, this index was modified to add local environment to the Housing dimension and a fifth innovative dimension: networks and social cohesion. Dimensions Magazine spoke with Heidi Berner, Undersecretary of Social Evaluation of the Chilean Ministry of Social Development, about these additions and the way the State is using the MPI in the design and implementation of public policies.
María Emma Santos describes the region’s experience in measuring multidimensional poverty, which dates back forty years. Currently, seven of the eleven countries (or cities) with a national and official Multidimensional Poverty Index are in Latin America. This article is based on the second part of the OPHI working paper “Measuring Multidimensional Poverty in Latin America:” Previous Experience and the Way Forward
Heidi Berner, Deputy Secretary of Social Evaluation, Ministry of Social Development, Chile.