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Colombia
Foto: David Álvarez Veloso

Global MPI 2017: 0.022

Multidimensional Poor (based on National MPI): 17.8% (in 2016)
Launch date of national MPI: August 2011
Institution responsible for national MPI: Department of Social Prosperity
Dimensions of national MPI: education, childhood and youth conditions, work, health, and public services and housing
Joined MPPN: 2013

In 2011, Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos announced a new National Development Plan, with poverty reduction as the focus. Devised by the Ministry of Planning, it features a Colombian Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI-Colombia), based on the Alkire-Foster method, which is used both to set specific targets and track progress. The most recent National Development Plan of 2015 again places a focus on the MPI.

Voluntary National Review: According to Colombia (2016) poverty reduction in Colombia occurred in all its dimensions. Non-monetary reductions were tracked and accelerated using a multidimensional measure that implemented the Alkire Foster methodology. In 2010, 30.4% of the population were MPI poor where as in 2015 it was 20.2%. Colombia’s MPI is disaggregated by gender, age, urban/rural, and regions. Full Report Here

More info:

“A Counting Multidimensional Poverty Index in Public Policy Context: the case of Colombia” by Roberto Angulo, Beatriz Díaz and Renata Pardo.

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