Global MPI: 0.022
National MPI: 21.9% (in 2014)
Launch date of national MPI: August 2011
Institution responsible for national MPI: Department of Social Prosperity
Dimensions of national MPI: education, childhood and youth conditions, work, health, and public services and housing
Joined MPPN: 2013
In 2011, Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos announced a new National Development Plan, with poverty reduction as the focus. Devised by the Ministry of Planning, it features a Colombian Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI-Colombia), based on the Alkire-Foster method, which is used both to set specific targets and track progress. The most recent National Development Plan of 2015 again places a focus on the MPI.
– “A Counting Multidimensional Poverty Index in Public Policy Context: the case of Colombia” by Roberto Angulo, Beatriz Díaz and Renata Pardo
On 7 March 2017, the Multidimensional Poverty Peer Network (MPPN) hosted a Side Event at the 48th session of the United Nations Statistical Commission in New York. The Commission is the key UN statistical entity, with participation from national and international statistical leaders from across the world.
“In Brief” is a section of Dimensions magazine that provides short versions of the Multidimensional Poverty Peer Network’s policy briefings series. In this issue, we summarize a briefing on Colombia by Diego Zavaleta and Roberto Angulo.
Tatyana Orozco de la Cruz, former General Director of Department of Social Prosperity, Colombia.
A crucial innovation in the Colombian process was the design of a monitoring system to track the progress of the Development Plan. This system was based on two main components. First, a Poverty Roundtable – a board chaired by the President of Colombia and attended by all ministers and authorities whose work affected particular indicators of the C-MPI. The second component was a dashboard system.
If the objective of the multidimensional index is to encourage action, then it will not only require a multidimensional design, it will be also necessary to design a solid institutional architecture that supports and legitimizes the process from the index design to implementation.