Global MPI: 0.044
National MPI: 8% (in 2011)
Launch date of national MPI: 2014
Institution responsible for national MPI: Statistics South Africa
Dimensions of national MPI: health, education, living standards, and economic activity
Joined MPPN: 2014
In early 2014, Statistics South Africa produced a national Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) – the South African Multidimensional Poverty Index (or SAMPI). Alongside the three dimensions used in the Global MPI – heath, education and living standards – SAMPI includes a fourth dimension on economic activity, using unemployment as the indicator.
The measure has been designed to “improve poverty measurement for the country and to align ourselves with the growing international trend towards measuring poverty beyond the traditional money-metric method”. It is intended to complement the money-metric measures already used in the country, including the food poverty line, the lower-bound poverty line and the upper-bound poverty line.
On 7 March 2017, the Multidimensional Poverty Peer Network (MPPN) hosted a Side Event at the 48th session of the United Nations Statistical Commission in New York. The Commission is the key UN statistical entity, with participation from national and international statistical leaders from across the world.
The Multidimensional Poverty Peer Network (MPPN) held a special High-Level Side Event at the UN Statistical Commission in New York on Tuesday 7 March 2017 entitled “Measuring the Interconnected Dimensions of Poverty to Energise Policy.”
Did you know that there could be large disparities in the number of poor people depending on the way in which poverty is measured? Comparing the levels and changes in income poverty and multidimensional poverty reveals a complex history, and reinforces the need to complement traditional monetary measures with a multidimensional approach.
Pali Lehohla, Director General of Statistics, South Africa.