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Panama
Foto: David Álvarez Veloso

Joined MPPN: 2016

Launch date of national MPI: 2017
Institution responsible for national MPI: National Statistics Office
Dimensions of national MPI: Education; Housing, Basic Services and Internet Access; Environment, Local environment and sanitation; Employment; Health.

The Government of Panama launched its new official measure of poverty on the 26th of June 2017, in a formal ceremony presided by the President of Panama, Juan Carlos Varela. Also present were, among other dignitaries, the Minister of Social Development, Alcibíades Vásquez Velásquez and the Director of OPHI, Sabina Alkire. The Panama MPI consists of 5 dimensions and 17 indicators. The National Statistics Office gathered the data, a technical team did the analysis, and the Ministry of Social Development, led by Vice Minister Michelle Muschett, acting also as Technical Secretary to the Social Cabinet of Panama, spearheaded the year-long effort.

Panama’s Voluntary National Review extensively described its official MPI as one of the principle instruments to progressively improve public policies. For example its main messages were:“ The multidimensional poverty index was established as a principal instrument for shaping public policy. To that end, dimensions and indicators were selected, the disadvantages and gaps characterizing poverty were defined, deprivation was quantified and poverty was defined in multidimensional terms.” Full Report Here

Articles

Panama Launches its First Multidimensional Poverty Index and Adopts the Annual Measurement

The MPI was developed by the University of Oxford as a complement to existing income poverty measures. It is based on the Alkire Foster method and was presented by the United Nations Development Programme at the 2010 Global Human Development Report. The concept of multidimensional poverty takes into account multiple deprivations in the areas of health, education and quality of live without limiting itself exclusively to low income.

Multidimensional Poverty in Panama

Michelle Muschett, Vice-Minister, Ministry of Social Development, Panama

Panama approves plan for National MPI

On March 14th, the full Cabinet of Panama, presided by President Juan Carlos Varela, approved an innovative Plan called Panama For All: Zero Poverty. The plan includes finalizing the National Multidimensional Poverty Index to have ready to launch officially at the end of June.