Briefings and Surveys

Multidimensional Poverty in the Voluntary National Reviews 2020 on the SDGs. Brief Report

This report has four main sections: i. Highlights from the 21 reports, ii. Disaggregation and targeting: the way in which countries are using the MPI to measure child poverty, gender differences, etc., iii. Uses of the MPI: shows the way in which countries report the use of MPI for policy, iv. Full excerpts: contains the full excerpts and pages of the reports, with links to the documents online.


MPPN-OPHI Policy Briefing | Multidimensional Poverty in Chile: Incorporating the Environment and Social Networks into the MPI

Over the past decade, various countries in Latin America and the world have sought to complement traditional income-focused measures of poverty with a multidimensional approach. In 2015, Chile’s government introduced an official multidimensional poverty measure, using data from 2013, in which four dimensions were considered: education, health, employment and social security, and housing. After evaluating the situation and the resulting analysis, Chile took on the challenge of expanding its measures of multidimensional poverty to incorporate indicators that also consider the level of family well-being. Particular attention was paid to indicators related to the local environment in which families live and the social networks that are available to them.

Key messages on multidimensional poverty

This document presents highlights of the ‘2019 Global Sustainable Development Report 2019: The Future is Now – Science for Achieving Sustainable Development’ related to Multidimensional Poverty. It is a 3-page document that includes key messages on multidimensional poverty drawn from the report.

MPI references in the GSDR 2019

This document compiles references to multidimensional poverty measurement and indices, and the global MPI, in the ‘2019 Global Sustainable Development Report: The Future is Now – Science for Achieving Sustainable Development.’ This 6-page document includes all mentions of multidimensional poverty in chronological order and highlighted.

MPPN-OPHI Policy Briefing | How to Explain the Measurement of Multidimensional Poverty to the General Public: Workshop for Journalists in Colombia

Publishing two figures for poverty is a communication challenge for any government. Not only is it necessary to explain the reasons why both measurements are necessary but also why the respective figures may differ or appear to conflict. These explanations must be free of jargon and translate highly technical aspects of poverty measurement into a language that can be understood by the general public. The workshops designed by DANE have proven successful, in meeting these challenges both within Colombia and elsewhere, helping to improve communication of these subjects in the media and to reduce inaccurate reporting about multidimensional poverty measurement.

MPPN-OPHI Policy Briefing | Defining MPI Dimensions through Participation: The Case of El Salvador

How to choose dimensions and indicators that better target public policies? This question was asked in El Salvador in the early stages of creating the MPI-ES. Several paths were tested. There were many suggestions for dimensions and indicators. But, understanding that poverty is more than income level, which dimensional deprivations are felt most by the poor population? To answer this question, El Salvador conducted a participatory process that was instrumental in defining the dimensions and indicators of the final index.

MPPN-OPHI Policy Briefing | National Roundtable & Dashboard for Poverty Reduction in Colombia

Colombia launched its official multidimensional poverty measure in 2011 – the Colombian Multidimensional Poverty Index (C-MPI). The index was first used to establish specific policy goals for multidimensional poverty reduction (headcount ratio) as well as sector-specific targets within the National Development Plan – a mandatory and binding strategy that all incoming administrations must have approved by Congress at the beginning of their mandate.

MPPN-OPHI Policy Briefing | CONEVAL: institution-building for multidimensional poverty measurement in Mexico

In the early 2000s, Mexico launched a process of institution-building for its social development policy and the formulation of an official poverty measure, which led to the creation of the National Council for the Evaluation of Social Development Policy (CONEVAL) and the establishment of the first official multidimensional poverty measure in the world. Today, CONEVAL generates official multidimensional poverty estimates with representative data every two years at the state level and every five at the municipal level.

2015+ Light Powerful Household Survey Modules

by the Multidimensional Peer Poverty Network and the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative.

Constructing a Multidimensional Poverty Index

by the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative

Multidimensional Poverty Index 2015+

by the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative