India launches national MPI baseline report

12 December, 2021

India has launched the first baseline of a rigorous Multidimensional Poverty Index to monitor poverty at the country, state and district level. The India National MPI builds on the 10 indicators of the global MPI to add metrics on maternal health and bank account under the dimensions of health and standard of living, respectively.

The National Multidimensional Poverty Index: Baseline Report based on NFHS-4 (2015–16) presents National, State/Union Territories and district results using data from the 2015/16 National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4). The data provides a starting point from which to measure the effectiveness of multi-sectoral policies in poverty reduction and for tracking progress towards target 1.2 of the Sustainable Development Goals. The next report will analyse the 2019/20 NFHS-5 microdata, in order to identify reductions and trends since 2015/6.

The Report has been developed by NITI Aayog in consultation with 12 Line Ministries and in partnership with State governments, OPHI and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). As the nodal Ministry for MPI, NITI Aayog ranks States and Union Territories based on their performance and has also constituted an inter-ministerial MPI Coordination Committee (MPICC) to consult twelve Line Ministries mapped to each National MPI indicator.

The results and findings of the baseline edition of India’s National Multidimensional Poverty Index are available for policy makers and administrators in States and districts, researchers and scholars, businesses and NGOs, and the wider public, so that many can use precise data to confront poverty.

Download the report here.


Source: OPHI.

India Multidimensional Poverty National MPI