Foto: Umberto Salvagnin
  1. National MPI
  2. Global MPI 2021 Country Briefing
  3. Joined MPPN: 2013
  4. Voluntary National Review
  5. Dimensions Magazine Articles


National MPI

Multidimensionally Poor (based on National MPI): 34.6% (in 2017)
Launch date of national MPI: February 2016
Institution responsible for the national MPI: National Institute of Statistics and Census (INEC), Ministry of Social Development Coordination, and National Secretary of Planning and Development
Dimensions of the national MPI: education; work and social security; health, water and food; habitat, housing and healthy environment

The Ecuador Multidimensional Poverty Index, which has been developed with technical support from OPHI, was presented by the President of Ecuador, Rafael Correa, at an event in Quito on 5 February, 2016.

The MPI, which reflects a new conceptual framework based on ‘Buen Vivir’ and its associated rights, identifies a higher proportion of people as poor. Whereas around 23% of people were income poor in 2015, fully 35% were living in multidimensional poverty. Thus the MPI makes deficiencies in key rights visible, and in doing so supports the affected people in acquiring those rights.

The Ecuadorian MPI consists of 12 indicators across 4 broad dimensions (education, work and social security, health, water and sanitation, and housing and a healthy environment). It is calculated at the household level.


Dimensions and indicators (in Spanish)

Learn more about the Ecuador-MPI here (in Spanish).

Multidimensional Poverty report 2017 available here (in Spanish).

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Voluntary National Review

Ecuador presented its Voluntary National Review at the United Nations in 2018. Its NVR described the multidimensional poverty index as part of its strategy for the ODS1. Ecuador NVR is available here.

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