Foto: Naciones Unidas
  1. National MPI
  2. Ho Chi Minh City MPI
  3. Global MPI 2021 – Informe del país
  4. Joined MPPN: 2013
  5. Voluntary National Review
  6. Dimensions Magazine Articles


  1. National MPI

Launch date of national MPI: 2015
Multidimensional Poor (based on National MPI): 6.7% (2017)
Institution responsible for national MPI: Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs (MoLISA)
Dimensions: Health, education, housing, living standards, and access to information.

The National Multidimensional Poverty (MDP) measurement has five dimensions and 10 indicators:

(i) Health. Indicators: nutrition and child mortality, each is weighted 1/6
(ii) Education. Indicators: adult education and children education, each is weighted 1/10
(iii) Housing. Indicators:  housing area per person and housing quality, each is weighted 1/10
(iv) Living standards. Indicators: water and sanitation, each is weighted 1/10
(v) Access information. Indicators: usage of telecom services and assets for accessing information, each is weighted 1/10.

Each dimension is equally weighted (1/5) and each indicator within a dimension is also equally weighted. Each person who fails to meet the deprivation cutoff is identified as deprived in that indicator. A person is identified (by Alkire-Foster methodology) as multi-dimensionally poor if the person’s weighted deprivation score is equal to or higher than the poverty cutoff of 33.33%.

The source of data for calculating multidimensional poverty statistics is Vietnam Household Living Standard Surveys which have been conducted regularly every two years since 2000 allowing monitoring the trends of both monetary and multidimensional poverty.

More information: Human Development Indices and Indicators: Viet Nam’s 2018 Statistical updates (pages 23-28).

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2. Ho Chi Minh City MPI

Ho Chi Minh City MPI: 11.35% (in 2014)
Launch date of Ho Chi Minh City MPI: December 2014

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5. Voluntary National Review

Vietnam presented its Voluntary National Review at the United Nations in 2018. In the report, Vietnam indicated: “The multidimensional poverty rate was reduced from 9.2 per-cent in 2016 to less than 7 per-cent in 2017. However, based on multidimensional poverty criteria, the poverty rate for ethnic minority groups remains relatively high. Social security policies have been implemented nationwide and achieved positive results. By the end of December 2017, more than 13.9 million people had social insurance; by the end of 2015, 100 per-cent of the poor and social protection beneficiaries were provided free insurance cards, and about 81 per-cent of near-poor people had health insurance. The access to basic social services such as electricity, hygienic water has been on a rising trend. Monthly social support is now provided for the social protection beneficiaries in almost 60 provinces/cities.” (page 14). NVR is available here.

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