Global MPI: 0.119 (2017)

Multidimensional Poor (based on National MPI): 12.6% (in 2012)
Launch date of national MPI: 2010 (updated in 2012)
Institution responsible for national MPI: National Statistics Bureau
Dimensions of national MPI: education, health, and living standards

Joined MPPN: 2013

Recognizing the fact that poverty is not just about income but multidimensional and is seen to be similar to the Gross National Happiness (GNH) philosophy of a holistic development approach, the Bhutan Government has been measuring poverty using the MPI since 2010. The government has a goal of reducing multidimensional poverty from 25.8 % in 2010 to less than 10 % by 2018.

Since 2013, the MPI has been used as one of the five criteria for the allocation of national resources to local governments and is given high importance, with a weight of 45 %.

Read the Bhutan Multidimensional Poverty Index 2012.