Costa Rica
Foto: David Álvarez Veloso
  1. Global MPI 2021 Country Briefing
  2. National MPI
  3. Business MPI
  4. Joined MPPN: 2014
  5. Voluntary National Review
  6. Social Management Scorecard
  7. Dimensions Magazine Articles


National MPI

Launch date of national MPI: October 2015
Multidimensionally Poor (based on National MPI): 16.6% (in 2019)
Institution responsible for national MPI: Social Inclusion and Human Development Ministry and National Institute of Statistics and Census (INEC)
Dimensions of national MPI: education, health, housing, employment, social protection and equity

On October 29, 2015 the Government launched its MPI. The Costa Rican MPI includes several innovations, for example through incorporating gender indicators and a strong labour dimension, and will be used for targeting of social programs. This educational video (Spanish only), released by the President’s Office, describes multidimensional poverty and how the index has been adapted to the country.

National MPI of Costa Rica

More info here (in Spanish).

MPI Costa Rica: 2015 Main Results (Spanish). Statement on the MPI from Costa Rica Government.

Update: MPI Costa Rica 2019

Videos on Costa Rica MPI (in Spanish)

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Business MPI

The Business MPI (bMPI) is an adaptation of the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) of Costa Rica that has been designed for the business sector. Through a user friendly online survey, the business sector will have a detailed view of the conditions in which his workers and their families are living under. Briefing available here.

Important information on the bMPI:

  • What is the Business MPI (video)
  • Infographic: Steps for the Business MPI implementation process (video)  
  • Testimonial video of 2 Costa Rican Companies and why they did the bMPI . Click on here.
  • Business MPI How-to site  

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Voluntary National Review (2017): Costa Rica’s national strategy outlines poverty reduction in a multidimensional approach and the national MPI also uses the Alkire Foster Method. Since October 2015, Costa Rica has used its MPI to coordinate policies and implement novel initiatives – especially those that address traditionally excluded populations like those with disability, indigenous persons, women, and migrants. Full Report Here

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Social Management Scorecard shows multidimensional poverty data and the investment of social sector programs based on information provided by institutions. This allows an evaluation of effectiveness of institutional responses and a redirection of strategies aimed at poverty reduction as required. More info here (in Spanish).

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