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Nepal
Foto: United Nations

Global MPI 2017: 0.126

Multidimensionally Poor (based on National MP measure): 28,6% (2017)
Launch date of national MPI: 2017

Joined MPPN: 2015

Nepal’s first official national Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) was launched in December 2017. The index was developed by the National Planning Commission of the Government of Nepal together with Oxford University’s leading centre on multidimensional poverty, Oxford Poverty & Human Development Initiative (OPHI). The World Bank and United Kingdom – Department for International Development (DFID) offered technical and financial support.

The new index shows that 28.6% of Nepalis are still multidimensionally poor – meaning that their lives are battered by several deprivations simultaneously. But it also reveals that Nepal actually halved its official MPI between 2006 and 2014, from 0.313 to 0.127.

The Nepal Multidimensional Poverty Index report is available here.

Nepal MPI:

 

Nepal’s Voluntary National Review says: “Multi-dimensional poverty reduced from 64.7 percent in 2006 to 44.2 percent in 2015 (OPHI 2016) dropping by an average of two percentage points per year. These achievements were largely due to improved health and education and increased remittances incomes.”…  “The government aims to bring down the percentage of people living below the poverty line to 4.9 percent and to reduce multi-dimensional poverty to 10 percent by 2030. The NPC has set targets of an annual economic growth rate of 7.2 percent and 4.7 percent annual growth in the agriculture sector during the Fourteenth Plan period (2016/17- 2018/19) and to increase per capita gross national incomes to $2,500 by 2030.” (page 14 and 15)  Reference (page 38): OPHI (2016). OPHI Country Briefing December 2016: Nepal. Oxford: Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative. Full Report Here

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