1. National MPI
  2. Global MPI 2021 – Country Briefing
  3. Joined MPPN: 2020
  4. Dimensions magazine articles


National MPI

Multidimensional Poor (based on National MPI): 25.1% (2021)
Launch date of national MPI: December 2021
Institution responsible for national MPI: NITI Aayog
Dimensions of national MPI: health, education and standard of living.

The India National Multidimensional Poverty Index: Baseline Report 2021 presents National, State/Union Territories and district results using data from the 2015/16 National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4). The data provides a starting point from which to measure the effectiveness of multi-sectoral policies in poverty reduction and for tracking progress towards target 1.2 of the Sustainable Development Goals.

The next report will analyse the 2019/20 NFHS-5 microdata, in order to identify reductions and trends since 2015/6. The Report has been developed by NITI Aayog in consultation with 12 Line Ministries and in partnership with State governments, OPHI and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

The India National MPI builds on the 10 indicators of the global MPI to add metrics on maternal health and bank account under the dimensions of health and standard of living, respectively. The results and findings of the baseline edition of India’s National Multidimensional Poverty Index are available for policy makers and administrators in States and districts, researchers and scholars, businesses and NGOs, and the wider public, so that many can use precise data to confront poverty.



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