Posts del November, 2018

Juan Manuel Santos launches Visiting Professorship with public lecture, informal meetings

Publicado el: November 30th, 2018 Por MPPN

During his Visiting Professorship, Professor Santos will conduct independent work on poverty reduction and peace building with the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) at ODID, as well as via interaction with the vibrant academic community of the department and University at large.

Professor Santos delivered the lecture, titled ‘Reducing Poverty and Building Peace in Colombia: Inextricably Linked Processes’, on 12 November at the Sheldonian Theatre. In the lecture, he outlined the circumstances that inspired him to pursue peace negotiations with FARC rebels in Colombia, as well as the conditions he sought to create that would make the process possible. He also spoke about Colombia’s experience of implementing a Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI), developed with OPHI, as part of the process of building peace after the negotiations were complete.

President Santos also took part in a series of informal meetings with academics and students as he began his professorship.

He attended a round table chaired by ODID Head of Department Christopher Adam during which a group of academics working on peace, poverty and the environment shared their research agendas.

He also held informal discussions with a small group of students from ODID and the Blavatnik School of Government on topics that the students themselves raised.

In addition, he took part in a 30-minute Q and A with students during a class on the Sustainable Development Goals, which Colombia played a pivotal part in shaping, and in which their MPI has a visible place. The class was part of the MPhil in Development Studies’ module on Poverty and Human Development, led by OPHI Director Sabina Alkire.

The Latin America Centre also hosted a showing of the documentary, Port of Destination: Peace, about the Colombian peace process.

Professor Santos was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2016 for ‘his resolute efforts to bring [Colombia’s] more than 50-year-long civil war to an end’.

During his term in office, which has just closed, Professor Santos took leadership in global efforts to reduce multidimensional poverty, including co-founding the Multidimensional Poverty Peer Network (MPPN), a South-South initiative of policy-makers working to fight poverty in all its forms and dimensions, launched in Oxford in 2013 by its Secretariat, OPHI.

Watch the lecture

See some photographs from the events in OPHI’s Flickr galleries:

Source: QEH website.

Philippines Launches a National MPI

Publicado el: November 15th, 2018 Por MPPN

Philippines Launches a National MPI

Publicado el: November 15th, 2018 Por MPPN

In the initial methodology, there are 13 indicators identified across the following four dimensions:

I. Education: • School attendance • Educational attainment

II. Health and Nutrition: • Hunger • Food consumption • Health insurance

III. Housing, Water and Sanitation: • Ownership of assets • Toilet facility • Source of water supply • Tenure status of dwelling • Housing materials • Electricity

IV.Employment: • Underemployment • Working children not in school


The Education dimension had the largest share or contribution to overall deprivation (MPI) at 36.5 percent and 36.9 percent in 2016 and 2017, respectively. The Health and Nutrition dimension comes next with a contribution of 26.2 percent in 2016 and 27.5 percent in 2017. The share of Housing, Water and Sanitation to MPI was 26.4 percent in 2016 and 27.4 percent in 2017. Employment dimension, on the other hand, had the least share to MPI.

Among the 13 indicators, educational attainment consistently had the highest incidence of deprivation among families for 2016 and 2017 at 59.3 percent and 49.4 percent, respectively. These mean that 6 out of 10 families in 2016 and 5 out of 10 families in 2017 were deprived of basic education; that is, 6 out of 10 families had at least one family member aged 18 years old and above who did not complete basic education in 2016 and 5 out of 10 in 2017. Conversely, hunger had the least incidence at 0.3 percent and 0.6 percent in 2016 and 2017, respectively.

In 2017, the following indicators had the highest incidence of deprivation among families for the other dimensions:

It must be noted, though, that there was an increase in incidence of deprivation from 2016 to 2017 in the following indicators and dimensions:


The Multidimensional Poverty Index

A Filipino is identified as multidimensionally deprived if he or she is deprived in at least one third of the indicators or at least four of the 13 indicators. In 2017, the multidimensionally deprived Filipinos or the proportion of Filipinos deprived in at least four out of the 13 indicators (headcount ratio) was estimated at 17.3 percent.

In 2016, it was recorded at 23.9 percent. In terms of the intensity of their deprivation, on average, they were multidimensionally deprived in 41.2 percent and 43.2 percent of the indicators in 2017 and 2016, respectively.

The MPI is calculated by multiplying the headcount ratio (the proportion of Filipinos identified as multidimensionally deprived) by the average intensity of deprivation among those who are deprived. MPI reflects both the share of people and the degree to which they are deprived. In 2016 and 2017, the MPI was estimated at 10.4 and 7.1, respectively.

Note: The Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA), in consultation with its Inter-Agency Committee on Poverty Statistics, developed an initial methodology for estimating the multidimensional poverty index based on the Alkire and Foster methodology, Recognizing that the MPI indicators are crucial to inform policy and planning, PSA intends to collect more relevant information as inputs to further enhance the MPI methodology and consult with stakeholders to come up with an official methodology to be recommended to the PSA Executive Board for approval.

Picture: Brian Evans.

6th MPPN Annual Meeting, Johannesburg, South Africa 2018

Publicado el: November 12th, 2018 Por MPPN

Presentations from the 2018 MPPN Annual Meeting

Publicado el: November 12th, 2018 Por MPPN